One of the most important accomplishments of Menilek II was the defeat of the Italians in 1896 at the Battle of Adwa.

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In 1987 the country was declared a democratic republic.

Ethiopia was ruled by Mengista Haile Mariam (1977-1991), whose tyrannical regime violently repressed any opposition to Marxist rule.

Ethiopia is one of the oldest kingdoms in the world.

Among the first peoples to inhabit Ethiopia were Ge'ez speaking agrarians, who settled in the Tigrayan highlands around 2000 BC. The inland Aksum Kingdom was founded by Menilek I after the fall of the Da'amat Kingdom.

Menilek I is believed to be a descendent of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.

Aksum King Ezana made Christianity the official religion around 700 AD.

The size of the country is 437,794 square miles (1,133,882 square kilometers), which is roughly twice the size of Texas.

Ethiopia is a mountainous region in the East and West highlands divided by the Great Rift Valley.

The modernization of Ethiopia then resumed under Emperor Haile Selassie in 1930.