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Many modern scholars allege that an Apostle close to Jesus could not have written this very different Gospel account. These are recorded so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing this you may have life through his name." And again in John the inspired writer of the fourth Gospel writes "There was much else that Jesus did; if it were written down in detail, I do not suppose the world itself would hold all the books that would be written." In other words, the fourth Gospel does not claim to record all that Jesus said or did.This argument does not address the fact that John may have had good theological and/or literary reasons for omitting what was covered in the other Gospels and ignores or dismisses the testimony of early Church Fathers like the great Biblical scholar, theologian, and head of the catechetical school in Alexandria, Egypt, St. Argument #2: That the fourth Gospel's themes of love and unity could not have been produced by one of the Apostles to whom Jesus gave the name "Sons of Thunder" in Mark .
The similarities are so striking that today many scholars believe there was a connection between John the Apostle and the religious Community at Qumran near to where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered.
Argument #4: Another frequently used argument is that John the Apostle, a poor fisherman from the Galilee, was too uneducated and unsophisticated to have written the fourth Gospel.
We also know that the Roman authorities hired fishermen on the Galilee to provide fish, salted, pickled and dried, to be exported to Rome and other Roman cities.
The contracts required the fisherman to provide a set number of fish and anything they caught beyond the limit was extra income.
Argument #3: Probably the most popular argument against Johannine authorship 60 years ago was that the author of the fourth Gospel must have been a Hellenistic (Greek culture) Israelite of the Diaspora (living outside Israel/Judea) or a Greek gentile convert to Judaism and/or Christianity because the language and concepts of the fourth Gospel were simple not found in Jewish literature of the 1 century AD but instead reflected Greek thought and language.
Scholars with this view pointed out that terms and concepts peculiar to the fourth Gospel like the divine "Logos", the contrast between "light and darkness", etc. The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947 proved that the theology of the fourth Gospel was part of the 1century AD Jewish community view.
When I had completed my year of research on John's Gospel I identified 5 statements of truth around which I would build this study: Authorship of the Fourth Gospel The first questions we must address are the questions of authorship and the date this Gospel account was written.
Today most modern Biblical scholars do not accept that John (Yehohanan) the Apostle, son of Zebedee, brother of James the Greater, and Bishop of Ephesus is the author of the fourth Gospel despite the fact that the Fathers of the Church unanimously identified the Apostle John as the inspired writer.
The size and quality of Peter's house, excavated at Capernaum, confirms the impression that these were men of means who controlled their own lives.
It is larger than most of the other houses excavated there and is located directly across from the local Synagogue, a prestigious location.
The following list is a summary of the most often expressed arguments against Johannine authorship: Argument #1: The fourth Gospel does not agree with the synoptic accounts (Matthew, Mark and Luke): The most often quoted argument against St.