Ethnographic data put the sociological concepts of two spatial identities, the local (associated with small-scale place) and the cosmopolitan (connected to the larger- global domain) to question.

He received his doctorate degree from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. About this book This book focuses on the drivers of Jihadist terrorism and explains how a better understanding of these drivers can lead to more effective counterterrorism policies all over the world.

He has previously taught at Tanta University Egypt), Wayne State University (USA) and Bahrain University.

This cosmological view, endowing people with a unique imaginative sense of engagemenet with a supraphenomenal reality, accentuates the belief that divine cosmic invisible higher power surpasses any other power.

Such a belief represents an inexhaustible source of spiritual and emotional empowerment that may be politically mobilized in certain critical moments and depicted as a religious, holy struggle, or jihad.

This book addresses the challenges threatening the quality of life and well-being of people living in the MENA region.

It focuses on both internal / local and external / global drivers impacting their well-being particularly in the domains of economy, health, and education.

There are extensive orthodox exegeses of al-ghaib made by the "ulama or religious scholars that go beyond the scope of this study which focuses on ordinary Muslims" views and daily lives.

This paper asserts that the theme of al-ghaib rises above any specific Muslim sect and is associated with overarching Muslim worldviews.

Provides a holistic interpretation of the interplay between religion and folk cosmology, challenging the stereotypes that relegate traditional people to backwardness and a peripheral space or locality.