In rich volcanic soils they grow food crops and coffee.The population is dense, and the Bamiléké served as a labor reserve population in the twentieth century, resulting in large, entrepreneurial urban émigré population.Most of these chiefdoms have patrilineal or dual descent kinship systems, although some groups, such as the Kom, are matrilineal.

This name later was applied to the coastal area between Mount Cameroon and Rio Muni.

Cameroon has distinct regional cultural, religious, and political traditions as well as ethnic variety.

The Littoral province is in the coastal rain forest region in the southwest.

It includes the largest city, the port of Douala, and the industrial, hydroelectric, and bauxite mining area near Edea. The southern part of the French-speaking area includes the high plateau region of the West province, which includes the Bamiléké and Bamoun peoples. The Bamiléké constitute roughly 25 percent of the population.

Sultan Njoya, a man of unusual intellect, developed an original alphabet and wrote a history of his people and dynasty.

A sense of a common national culture has been created through shared history, schooling, national holidays and symbols, and enthusiasm for soccer.

The peoples of the Southwest province include the Bakweri, who live along the slopes of Mount Cameroon.

The Bakweri practice rites of healing and initiation in associations of spirit mediums that distinguish between male and female roles and between village and bush.

The peoples of the Southwest province had less hierarchical systems of governance and social organization.

The British appointed warrant chiefs to aid their colonial rule, and in many instances the population rallied behind those chiefs in the postcolonial period.

The educational system and legal practices derive from those of England.