This country of 25 million remains one of the poorest countries on earth.After winning its independence from Portugal in 1975, two groups aimed to dominate the new-found Republic: one (the MPLA) backed by the USSR, and the other (UNITA) backed by the US.

Without Soviet backup, the ruling Communist clique was unable to maintain power, and the government collapsed in 1992.

The country has been embroiled in civil war essentially ever since, with the US replacing the Soviets as the main force powering the government–but nevertheless, armed conflict has been ever-present, with or without Communism.

The MPLA won out, and Angola was a communist republic until the broad collapse of most communist countries in 1992.

With strong ties to the USSR, Caribbean Communist country Cuba, and fellow south African, Portuguese-speaking country Mozambique–which turned communist at the same time.

While Vietnam remained truly communist from 1976-1986, the country eventually needed to reach out for international support and aid; which resulted in many political and economic reforms.

As a result of these reforms, Vietnam is today one of the world’s fastest growing economies.

Civil war between the two sides began in 1975 and lasted, with some quieter periods, until 2002–though the fall of Communist rule came in 1992, and some resistance continued beyond 2002.

Today, Angola is a hotbed for Chinese investment, and with its oil riches it has a rapidly increased GDP per person (although inequality remains high and many residents are quite poor).

Sadly, the peace did not last, with a civil war following in the late 1990s, and peace has only returned alongside single-party rule, with much international concern for the human rights of indigenous communities.