The rate at which C atoms, half of them will decay in 5730 years.

Since this rate is slow relative to the movement of carbon through food chains (from plants to animals to bacteria) all carbon in biomass at earth's surface contains atmospheric levels of C is present at atmospheric levels, the molecule must derive from a recent plant product.

chemical dating carbon-31

In its diamond allotrope, carbon is the hardest known substance in nature.

It also has the highest thermal conductivity of any element. Graphite, on the other hand, is one of the softest materials and is black-gray in color. Amorphous carbon is generally black and is used to describe coal and soot.

Asked by: William Baker Carbon 14 (C14) is an isotope of carbon with 8 neutrons instead of the more common 6 neutrons.

It is unstable, and scientists know that it radioactively decays by electron emission to Nitrogen 14, with a half life of 5730 years.

It is also used to make the writing (black) part of pencils.

Diamonds are used to make fine jewelry and are considered the most valuable of all the gemstones.

Along with hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur, carbon is a building block of biochemical molecules ranging from fats, proteins, and carbohydrates to active substances such as hormones.

All carbon atoms have a nucleus containing six protons.

Diamonds are also used for their hardness in cutting tools and precision instruments. People have known about carbon as a substance since ancient times.

French scientist Antoine Lavoisier determined that diamond was made of carbon in 1772. Carbon gets its name from the Latin word "carbo" meaning charcoal or coal.

Signals of this kind are often used by chemists studying natural environments.