Program Type: Field school RPA Certified:no Affiliation: Fundación Instituto de Investigación y Evolución Humana, Connecticut College, Institute for Field Research Project Director: Dr.

Marco Antonio Bernal Gomez Project Description: Bedmar is a beautiful town in the province of Cordoba, in southern Spain.

The isotope of Potassium-40, which has a half-life of 1.25 Billion years, can be used for such long measurements.

Here, in the Serrezuela mountain range, members of the Fundación Instituto de Investigación y Evolución Humana (FIPEH) have identified archaeological sites that point to human presence dating from 100,000 to 4,000 Before Present (BP).

In 2017, a cave called Cueva del Rio Cuadros, was identified and found to extend over 400 meters.

Room and Board Arrangements: Accommodations are in shared rooms (4-6 beds) located in Municipal Dormitory (Residencia Municipal) in the town of Bedmar. The common areas are cleaned once a week by professional cleaners.

Breakfast, lunch and dinner will be provided 7 days a week at the residence. There will be special recipes for those who have dietary restrictions such as diabetes, allergies or gluten intolerance and vegetarians.

We will work to determine the chronology of the site by studying the paintings, human bones, and archaeological material.

We will also attempt to determine the size of the site by means of topological study of the cave.

The cave also contains paintings possibly dating to the upper Paleolithic (50,000 – 10,000 BP).

Our goal for the 2019 field season is to better understand the populations inhabiting the Sierra Magina in prehistoric times through excavation and analysis of the remains recovered from the Cueva del Rio Cuadros site and surrounding environs.

Even though more than one method of verification is used in most cases, the lack of an accurate method to date non-organic materials lends a certain degree of uncertainty to the accepted history of our planet.